2 John A. Hobson, Imperialism: A Study (New York: Pott, 1902).
3 John A. Hobson, An Economic Interpretation of Investment (London: n.p., 1911).
4 Daniel H. Kruger, “Hobson, Lenin, and Schumpeter on Imperialism,” Journal of the History of Ideas 16, no. 2 (April 1955): 254–55. See also P. J. Cain, “J. A. Hobson, Cobdenism, and the Radical Theory of Economic Imperialism, 1898–1914,” Economic History Review, n.s., 31, no. 4 (November 1978): 565–84; P. J. Cain, “Hobson’s Developing Theory of Imperialism,” Economic History Review, n.s., 34, no. 2 (May 1981): 313–16.
5 J. A. Hobson, The War in South Africa: Its Causes and Effects (London: Nisbet, 1900), 197.
6 Hobson, War, 197.
7 J. A. Hobson (“Lucian”), 1920: Dips into the Near Future (London: n.p., 1918).
8 Charles A. Beard, with the collaboration of G. H. E. Smith, The Open Door at Home: A Trial Philosophy of National Interest (New York: Macmillan, 1934); William Appleman Williams, The Tragedy of American Diplomacy (New York: Marzani and Munsell, 1959).
9 John Gallagher and Ronald Robinson, “The Imperialism of Free Trade,” Economic History Review, n.s., 6, no. 1 (August 1953): 1–15. See also D. K. Fieldhouse, The Theory of Capitalist Imperialism (London: Longmans, 1967); John Pheby, ed., J. A. Hobson after Fifty Years: Freethinker of the Social Sciences (New York: St. Martin’s, 1994).
10 Peter Duignan and L. H. Gann, eds., “Introduction,” in The Economics of Colonialism, vol. 4 of Colonialism in Africa, 1860–1970 (London: Cambridge University Press, 1975).
11 Utsa Patnaik, “India in the World Economy 1900 to 1935: The Inter-War Depression and Britain’s Demise as World Capitalist Leader,” Social Scientist 42, no. 1/2 (January/February 2014): 23.
13 Thomas Hauner, Branko Milanović, and Suresh Naidu, “Inequality, Foreign Investment, and Imperialism” (working paper, Stone Center for Socio-Economic Inequality, CUNY Graduate Center, 2017).
14 Fritz Fischer, Griff nach der Weltmacht: Die Kriegszielpolitik des kaiserlichen Deutschland, 1914–18 (Düsseldorf: Droste, 1961); published in English as Germany’s Aims in the First World War, trans. Hajo Holborn and James Joll (New York: Norton, 1968). See also John C. G. Rohl, The Kaiser and His Court: Wilhelm II and the Government of Germany (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996); Felix Gilbert, ed., The Historical Essays of Otto Hintze (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975); Ludwig Dehio, Gleichgewicht oder Hegemonie: Betrachtungen über ein Grundproblem der neueren Staatengeschichte (Krefeld: Scherpe, 1948); Charles Fullman, trans., The Precarious Balance: The Politics of Power in Europe, 1494–1945 (London: Chatto and Windus, 1963); Friedrich Naumann, Mitteleuropa (Berlin: Reimer, 1915), published in English as Central Europe, trans. Christabel Meredith (New York: Knopf, 1917).
15 J. A. Hobson, Confessions of an Economic Heretic (New York: Macmillan, 1938).
16 Barry Eichengreen, “Keynes and Protection,” Journal of Economic History 44, no. 2 (June 1984): 363–73.
17 John Maynard Keynes, “National Self-Sufficiency,” Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review 22, no. 86 (June 1933): 177–93.
18 The Financial Adviser to the British Government (Keynes) to the Assistant Secretary of State (Acheson), Washington, June 4, 1941, in Foreign Relations of the United States: Diplomatic Papers, 1941, vol. 3, The British Commonwealth, the Near East and Africa (Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1959), 95–96.
19 John Maynard Keynes, “Anglo-American Financial Arrangements,” House of Lords, December 18, 1945, in British Speeches of the Day 3, no. 13 (January 1946): 799.