2 Friedrich A. Hayek, Individualism and Economic Order (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1948).
3 David Harvey, A Brief History of Neoliberalism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005).
4 Not only is Free to Choose available on the ubiquitous YouTube, but there is also a slick dedicated website called FreetoChoose.tv, with unedited tape from the series and video lectures from other neoliberal figures. The story of Friedman’s TV series as a reaction to Galbraith’s The Age of Uncertainty is related in Angus Burgin, The Great Persuasion: Reinventing Free Markets Since the Depression (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2012).
5 See Robert Van Horn and Philip Mirowski, “The Rise of the Chicago School of Economics and the Birth of Neoliberalism,” in The Road from Mont Pèlerin: The Making of the Neoliberal Thought Collective, ed. Philip Mirowski and Dieter Plehwe (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2009); and for greater detail, see Philip Mirowski and D. Wade Hands, “A Paradox of Budgets: The Postwar Stabilization of American Neoclassical Demand Theory,” in From Interwar Pluralism to Postwar Neoclassicism, ed. Mary S. Morgan and Malcolm Rutherford (Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1998), 260–92.
6 Antonio Gramsci, Prison Notebooks, ed. Joseph A. Buttigieg, 2 vols. (New York: Columbia University Press, 1996): 2:182–83.
7 See Ben Jackson, “At the Origins of Neo-Liberalism: The Free Economy and the Strong State, 1930–1947,” Historical Journal 53, no. 1 (March 2010): 129–51; and William Davies, The Limits of Neoliberalism: Authority, Sovereignty and the Logic of Competition (Los Angeles: SAGE, 2014).
8 Friedrich A. Hayek, Law, Legislation, and Liberty, vol. 3, The Political Order of a Free People (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979). On pp. 132–33 of the same volume he proposes something akin to the EU, for the purpose of further supranational authority to frustrate national anti-market policies, but also (!) to tap the resources of poorer regions to the benefit of richer regions.
9 Nancy MacLean, Democracy in Chains: The Deep History of the Radical Right’s Stealth Plan for America (New York: Viking Press, 2017).
10 See Mirowski and Plehwe, The Road from Mont Pèlerin, 427.
11 Ashley Mears, “Who Runs the Girls?,” New York Times, September 21, 2014.
12 Borrowed from Ben Fink’s forthcoming book on neoliberalism.
13 R. M. Hartwell, A History of the Mont Pèlerin Society (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1995).
14 Richard Cockett, Thinking the Unthinkable: Think-Tanks and the Economic Counter-Revolution, 1931–1983 (London: HarperCollins, 1994); and Jeremy Shearmur, The Political Thought of Karl Popper (London: Routledge, 1996).
15 Some useful texts cover think tanks or people who are not very prominent in intellectual history, including: Lee Edwards, Leading the Way: The Story of Ed Feulner and the Heritage Foundation (New York: Crown Forum, 2013); Daniel Schulman, ed., Sons of Wichita: How the Koch Brothers Became America’s Most Powerful and Private Dynasty (New York: Grand Central, 2014); J. Burns, Goddess of the Market: Ayn Rand and the American Right (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009); Kim Phillips-Fein, Invisible Hands: The Making of the Conservative Movement from the New Deal to Reagan (New York: Norton, 2009); Colleen Dyble, ed., Taming Leviathan: Waging the War of Ideas around the World (London: Institute of Economic Affairs, 2008); and John Blundell, Waging the War of Ideas (London: Institute of Economic Affairs, 2007).
16 The locus classicus of this interpretation is George Nash, The Conservative Intellectual Movement in America Since 1945, 30th anniversary ed. (Wilmington, Del.: ISI Books, 2006).
17 Quoted in Burgin.
18 See Mirowski, “Hell Is Truth Seen Too Late,” Boundary 2 (forthcoming).
20 Thomas Lin, “Cracking Open the Scientific Process,” New York Times, January 16, 2012.
21 The Royal Society, Science as an Open Enterprise, 2012.
22 See Michael A. Nielsen, Reinventing Discovery: The New Era of Networked Science (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2011); OECD, Making Open Science a Reality, OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers No. 25 (Paris: OECD Publishing, 2015); Riina Vuorikari and Yves Punie, eds., Analysis of Emerging Reputation and Funding Mechanisms in the Context of Open Science 2.0, JRC Science and Policy Report (Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2015).
23 Brian Nosek, in Q&A session (Effective Altruism Global, 2016).
24 For some sources, see: Jonah Lehrer, “The Truth Wears Off,” New Yorker, December 13, 2010; Lin, “Cracking Open”; Nielsen, Reinventing; Vitek Tracz and Rebecca Lawrence, “Towards an Open Science Publishing Platform,” F1000Research 5 (2016): 130.
25 See Michael Eisen and Leslie B. Vosshall, Coupling Pre-Prints and Post-Publication Peer Review for Fast, Cheap, Fair, and Effective Science Publishing (unpublished manuscript, January 2016).
26 See Lin, “Cracking Open”; Alison Hearn, “A ‘War over Measure’?: Toward a Political Economy of Research Metrics,” Royal Society of Canada, May 2016. Long after I had begun this research project, I was shocked to discover one of these projects in my own university.
27 This argument is documented in detail in my book Science-Mart: Privatizing American Science (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2011).
28 I discuss this further in Never Let a Serious Crisis Go to Waste: How Neoliberalism Survived the Financial Meltdown, 2013.
29 See Mirowski, “Against Citizen Science,” in Aeon, 2017.