2 Barbara Tuchman, A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century (New York: Ballantine Books, 1978), xix.
3 John Locke, Second Treatise of Government, §34.
4 Nicholas Lemann, The Big Test: The Secret History of the American Meritocracy (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2000).
5 Robert Reich, The Work of Nations: Preparing Ourselves for 21st Century Capitalism (New York: Vintage, 1992).
6 John W. Gardner, cited in Sandel, 174.
7 Thomas Edsall, “The Closing of the Republican Mind,” New York Times, July 13, 2017.
8 Drew Gilpin Faust, “Letter on Single-Gender Social Organizations,” May 6, 2016.
9 Michael Lind, The New Class War: Saving Democracy from the Managerial Elite (New York: Portfolio/Penguin, 2020), ch. 3.