2 The complaint is not about automobiles per se, but rather three generations of public policies and subsidies to physically organize human settlements exclusively around the automobile.
3 The term “global city” is used here after the work of Saskia Sassen, The Global City: New York, London, Tokyo (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991) and her various interpreters.
4 For a more extended characterization of hypermodernist urbanism, see my “Building on Truth,” First Things no. 249 (January 2015): 47–53.
5 Not all New Urbanists will agree, but what is new about New Urbanism is its effort to promote traditional urban form in a legal and cultural context (i.e., sprawl) in which for more than two generations it has been literally illegal to make walkable, mixed-use urbanism. Hence the need for a legal as-of-right alternative to use-based zoning.
6 D. J. Webb, “Why Libertarians Should Support a Land Value Tax,” Ludwig von Mises Center for Property and Freedom, September 27, 2012.
7 Josh Ryan-Collins, “How Land Disappeared from Economic Theory,” Evonomics: The Next Evolution of Economics (blog), April 4, 2017. See also Josh RyanCollins, Toby Lloyd, and Laurie Macfarlane, Rethinking the Economics of Land and Housing (London: Zed Books, 2017).
8 This is also the problem even with successful Community Land Trusts. Admirable as they are on a case-by-case basis, they don’t address the larger systemic practice of land banking and the latter’s relationship to shortages of urban housing at stable prices.
9 Ted Gwartney, “Estimating Land Values: The Nature of Land and Natural Resources,” Understanding Economics (blog), Henry George Institute.
10 Alternatively, such land may be kept from development and held in reserve as a public trust—perhaps a relatively easy policy transition in the aftermath of rising sea levels and destructive storm surges.
11 Ryan-Collins, “How Land Disappeared from Economic Theory.”
12 I am indebted to personal correspondence with John Médaille for this characterization.
13 John Médaille, “Taxes, Economic Rent, and Externalities,” Distributist Review (blog), January 16, 2009; and Fred Foldvary, “The Implementation of Land Value Taxation,” Progress.org, November 1, 2015.
14 Tom Nunlist, “Virtual Valuation: GIS-Assisted Mass Appraisal in Shenzhen,” Land Lines (October 2017), 8–13.
15 Médaille, “Taxes.”
17 By way of close analogy, think of a too-small LVT zone as similar to rent control. The latter provides a great benefit to tenants in rent-controlled apartments, but (if I understand correctly) its simultaneous and necessary unintended effect is to raise the cost of apartment rents outside the rent-controlled zone.
18 For a site specific example of a revenue-neutral regional LVT across a rural-to-urban transect, see “Hunting LaFox,” a conjectural future history of metropolitan Chicago Kane County and the fictional Town of LaFox, Illinois.
19 For a succinct summation of what I think is and is not objectively wrong with suburban sprawl, see my “A Realist Philosophical Case for Urbanism and against Sprawl” (two parts), Public Discourse, July 11 and 13, 2011.