2 EEOC v. Champion Fiberglass, No. 4:17-cv-02226 (S.D. Tex 2017); L. M. Sixel, “Company Sued for Allegedly Favoring Spanish-Speaking Hispanics in Hiring,” Houston Chronicle, July 21, 2017, http://www.chron.com/business/bizfeed/article/Job-applicants-must-speak-Spanish-EEOC-lawsuit-11302801.php.
3 Jason Richwine, “Immigrants Replace Low-Skill Natives in the Workforce,” Center for Immigration Studies, Sept. 28, 2016, https://cis.org/Immigrants-Replace-LowSkill-Natives-Workforce.
4 Nicholas Eberstadt, Men without Work: America’s Invisible Crisis (West Conshohocken, Penn.: Templeton, 2016), 85–89.
5 Charles Murray, Coming Apart: The State of White America, 1960–2010 (New York: Crown Forum, 2012), 170–71.
6 White House Council of Economic Advisers, “The Long-Term Decline in Prime-Age Male Labor Force Participation” (June 2016), 41.
7 Joleen Kirschenman and Kathryn M. Neckerman, “‘We’d Love to Hire Them, but . . .’: The Meaning of Race for Employers,” in The Urban Underclass, ed. Christopher Jencks and Paul E. Peterson (Washington: Brookings Institution, 1991), 210.
8 William Julius Wilson, When Work Disappears: The World of the New Urban Poor (New York: Knopf, 1996).
9 Philip Moss and Chris Tilly, Stories Employers Tell: Race, Skill, and Hiring in America (New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2001).
10 Philip Kasinitz and Jan Rosenberg, “Missing the Connection: Social Isolation and Employment on the Brooklyn Waterfront,” Social Problems 43, no. 2 (May 1996): 180–96.
11 Roger Waldinger and Michael I. Lichter, How the Other Half Works: Immigration and the Social Organization of Labor (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003), 160.
12 David Griffith, “Consequences of Immigration Reform for Low-Wage Workers in the Southeastern U.S.: The Case of the Poultry Industry,” Urban Anthropology and Studies of Cultural Systems and World Economic Development 19, no. 1/2 (1990): 155–84.
13 Cameron D. Lippard, “Racialized Hiring Practices for ‘Dirty’ Jobs,” in Being Brown in Dixie: Race, Ethnicity, and Latino Immigration in the New South, eds. Cameron D. Lippard and Charles A. Gallagher (Boulder: FirstForumPress, 2011).
14 Kirstin Downey Grimsley, “Tyson Foods Indicted in INS Probe,” Washington Post, Dec. 20, 2001, https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/2001/12/20/tyson-foods-indicted-in-ins-probe/1979cb63-8d7d-4c8c-9c5f-90f0e79bbb7c/.
15 Michael Grabell, “Cut to the Bone,” New Yorker (May 8, 2017): 46.
16 Patricia Cohen, “If Workers Are Scarce, Is It the Work or the Wages?,” New York Times, July 13, 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/07/13/business/economy/labor-market-wages.html.
17 Jane M. Von Bergen, “Dietz & Watson Fire Destroyed Warehouse but Forged Stronger Bonds,” Philadelphia Inquirer, Sept. 11, 2016, http://www.philly.com/philly/business/columnists/20160911_Dietz___Watson_fire_destroyed_warehouse_but_forged_stronger_bonds.html.
18 Nelson D. Schwartz, “Economy Needs Workers, but Drug Tests Take a Toll,” New York Times, July 25, 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/07/24/business/economy/drug-test-labor-hiring.html.
19 Lauren Weber, “More American Workers Are Testing Positive for Drugs,” Wall Street Journal, May 16, 2017, https://www.wsj.com/articles/more-american-workers-are-testing-positive-for-drugs-1494928980.
20 Alan B. Krueger, “Where Have All the Workers Gone? An Inquiry into the Decline of the U.S. Labor Force Participation Rate,” BPEA Conference Drafts, Sept. 7–8, 2017.
21 Laura Lopez-Sanders, “Trapped at the Bottom: Racialized and Gendered Labor Queues in New Immigrant Destinations,” Center for Comparative Immigration Studies, University of California, San Diego, Working Paper no. 176 (2009).
22 Harry Holzer, What Employers Want: Job Prospects for Less Educated Workers (New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1996).
23 Roger Waldinger, Still the Promised City? African Americans and New Immigrants in Postindustrial New York (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1996). Data is drawn from the Census of Population.
24 EEOC v. Little River Golf, Inc., No. 1:08-cv-00546 (M.D.N.C. 2009); Press Release, Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, “Little River Golf to Pay $44,700 to Settle EEOC Race and National Origin Discrimination Suit,” Aug. 8, 2009, https://www.eeoc.gov/eeoc/newsroom/release/8-6-09a.cfm.
25 EEOC v. Paramount Staffing Inc., No. 2:06-cv-02624 (W.D. Tenn 2010); Press Release, Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, “Paramount Staffing to Pay $585,000 to Settle EEOC Lawsuit,” Aug. 23, 2010, https://www.eeoc.gov/eeoc/newsroom/release/8-23-10.cfm.
26 See, e.g., Brent Orrell, Harry J. Holzer, and Robert Doar, Getting Men Back to Work: Solutions from the Right and Left (Washington: American Enterprise Institute, 2017).
27 Eli Lehrer and Catherine Moyer, “Putting Men Back to Work,” National Affairs 30 (2017): 16.
28 Reihan Salam, “The Case for Skills-Based Immigration: It Makes Sense Economically and Morally,” National Review (Aug. 28, 2017): 24.
29 Neel Kashkari, President of the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, speech at the Rotary Club of Downtown Sioux Falls (Aug. 7, 2017); see also Joseph Lawler, “Fed Official: Businesses Claiming Worker Shortages without Raising Wages ‘Sounds Like Whining,’” Washington Examiner, Aug. 7, 2017, http://www.washingtonexaminer.com/fed-official-businesses-claiming-worker-shortages-without-raising-wages-sounds-like-whining/article/2630836.
30 National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, The Economic and Fiscal Consequences of Immigration (Washington: The National Academies Press, 2017), https://doi.org/10.17226/23550.
31 William Voegeli, “Diversity and Its Discontents,” Claremont Review of Books 17, no. 3 (Summer 2017): 8–14.
32 George Borjas, We Wanted Workers: Unraveling the Immigration Narrative (New York: Norton, 2016), 126–28.
33 Bob Davis, “The Thorny Economics of Illegal Immigration,” Wall Street Journal, Feb. 9, 2016, https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-thorny-economics-of-illegal-immigration-1454984443.
34 Steve Striffler, “Inside a Poultry Processing Plant: An Ethnographic Portrait,” Labor History 43, no. 3 (2002): 305–13.
35 Peter Cove, Poor No More: Rethinking Dependency and the War on Poverty (New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction, 2017).
36 See, e.g., David Autor and Melanie Wasserman, Wayward Sons: The Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education (Washington: Third Way, 2013).
37 Kevin Williamson, “The Father-Führer,” National Review, Mar. 28, 2016, https://www.nationalreview.com/nrd/articles/432569/father-f-hrer.
39 Michael Strain, “America Owes Its Working Class, Yes. But the Working Class Has Duties, Too,” PostEverything (blog), Washington Post, Dec. 27, 2016, https://www.washingtonpost.com/posteverything/wp/2016/12/27/america-owes-its-working-class-yes-but-the-working-class-has-duties-too/.
39 Amy Goldstein, Janesville: An American Story (New York: Simon and Schuster, 2017).
40 Jason Richwine, “Can Natives Use Their English Literacy to Complement (Rather than Compete with) Immigrant Labor?,” Center for Immigration Studies, June 27, 2017, https://cis.org/Richwine/Can-Natives-Use-Their-English-Literacy-Complement-Rather-Compete-Immigrant-Labor.